Age at first calving: 45 months. the Vechur cattle are now recognized as the smallest cattle in the world. Malvi cattle are gray in males, with neck, shoulders, hump and quarters almost black. Average fat and SNF is 3.88 + 0.07 and 6.96 + 0.05 % respectively. The forehead is flat and not so prominent. It has a great similarity with the Gaolao breed of Madhya Predesh and also has a resemblance to the Bhagnari type of cattle in the north of India. Milk yield is 1,560 kg (range 1,062 to 2,810 kg). ... Amrit mahal and Angol. The dewlap is slightly pendulous. Legs are moderately long and lean with small, hard and well-shaped feet. Cows are white, bullocks slightly white and bulls dark, rusty white and even interlace to some extent. Red Sindhi cattle are somewhat similar to Sahiwal and may also be related to Afghan and Gir cattle. The Department of Posts, Government of India commemorated the breed by releasing a postage stamp in its name in â¦ the milk yield and components of the milk in dairy animals is helpful to upgrade or enrich the Corresponding Author: V Praveen Department of Veterinary Physiology, Veterinary College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India Biochemical components of milk during early lactation in Amrit Mahal, Holstein Friesian crossbred and jersey crossbred cows Head is short and broad with the dished forehead. ... Haryana govt plans PGs for cattle to boost milk â¦ The Rabaris, Bharwads, Maldharis, Ahirs and Charans tribes are mainly involved in Rearing of Gir cattle. Realizing its potential, the Government of India established Central Cattle Breeding Farm at Chiplima, Orissa on 15.01.1968. Horns are short to medium in size, curving outward, upward and inward. These animals are particularly concentrated in the Loonkaransar tehsil of Bikaner district which is also known as 'Rathi Tract'. Rathi is a medium sized breed with a symmetrical body. Kunjpura, Karnal Mugal Majra Road, Kunjpura, Kunjpura, Karnal - 132001, Dist. Average milk yield is 1,074 kg (range 627 to 1,227 kg). Nasal flap is mostly absent and even if present is very short. Horns are 50 - 65cm long, flat - curved and carried back near to the shoulders. Calves are generally brown in colour. Males are generally gray over the neck, hump and quarters, medium-sized, lightly built, narrow and long. The horns grow laterally and horizontally in young animals and curve round in a semi-circle as the animals get older. Skin is fine and slightly loose. The Sahiwal is a heavy breed with a symmetrical body and loose skin. The original herd was established at Malir outside Karachi. There is a close similarity between the Ongole and the Gaolao except that the latter is much lighter with greater agility. A typical Khillar animal is compact and tight skinned, with clean cut features. Hindquarters are well developed and slightly dropping. They are usually white in colour. Sheath and navel flap are very small and close to the body. Cows have a small and shallow udder. Its breeding tract encompasses large parts of Rohtak, Hisar, Jind and Gurgaon districts of Haryana. Considering these facts, the present study has been carried out to characterize the Krishna Valley breed of cattle using the molecular marker, such as microsatellites. The Nellore was later exported to the United States of America and there became one of the progenitors of the âBrahmanâ. The shoulder blade is prominent. Hump is well developed and is carried slightly forward. Eyes are large and prominent. This cattle breed having red colour also naturally acquires the name Red Kandhari. Swamp buffalo are primarily used as work animal in paddy cultivation, for pulling carts and hauling timber in jungles. However, breeds based on Indian stock have had a major impact in the warmer parts of the United States of America and in northern Australia, where they have been bred primarily for beef production. Resultantly, due to cross breeding, the purity of breeds declined but more or less the purity of Indian cows remained intact. The cattle are of gray colour, compact with a straight back, well-rounded barrel, and short neck. The coat colour of Gir animals varies from shades of red and white to almost black and white or entire red. They run very fast. The main area is the Puranpur Block in the Pilibhit district comprising Mainakot, Mazara, Bhirkhera,Faizulaganj and Rajpur Semra villages. Animals are fiery and active. The population of Tharparkar is more than these two breeds but it also calls for conservation through genetic improvement. Reference: Joshi, N.R., Phillips, R.W. The percentage of fat and total solids in the milk of Vechur cows is higher compared to crossbred cows. Skin is black. Ears are long and pendulous and folded like a leaf with a notch at the tip. The breed thrived in South America, and in the 1950s Argentina started its own breeding program for the âNellore Argentinoâ. Sahiwal; Gir; 44. Average milk yield is around 1,746 kg (range 1,097 to 3,194 kg). Other Indian cattle breeds have not broken out of their home region. The Sahiwal, the best Indian dairy breed, originates from Pakistan and India. Animals are strong and active with the compact body. 15,000. The tail is fairly long, thin an flexible ending in a white tuft. Indigenous cattle are the product of traditional knowledge and sustainable lifestyles. Red Sindhi breed is mostly found in Karachi and Hyderabad districts of Pakistan. To Increase the number of Indigenous quality cows which are on the verge of extinction. The forehead is concave and broad. Yellow Desi Ghee â¹ 340/ Kilogram Get Latest Price. This is one of the most widely spread breeds in the Indo- Gangetic plains. The Rathi is an important milch breed of cattle found in the western part of Rajasthan. Originally the rulers of Mysore State had started an establishment of cattle collected from the prevalent types of cattle within the area for the supply of milk and milk products to the palace. Hooves are hard, close together and small. Indian cattle breeds of cattle are classified into three types as under: Milch breeds: The cows of these breeds are high milk yielders and the male animals are slow or poor workers. Further advantages are that the indigenous breedsâ milk is more nutritious with higher levels of micronutrients; indigenous breeds are especially known for qualities of heat tolerance, resistance to diseases and ability to thrive under extreme nutritional stress. The forehead is fairly broad, sometimes with a slight groove in the middle. Ongole is the dual-purpose breeds from the southern part of India. Although cross breeds are economically viable the second or third generation populations have shown deterioration and decrease in milk yield. Malvi is primarily a draught breed found in a large area comprising Indore, Dewas, Ujjain, Shajapur, Mandsaur, Ratlam, and Rajgarh districts of Madhya Pradesh, and Jhalawar district of Rajasthan. Grazing is usually available from middle of July to the end of October. The forehead is prominent, broad, slightly bulged and white in all the strains; ears are long and drooping with slightly curved tips; horns are medium, thick, apart and emerge from the sides of the poles; tips of the horns are blunt; and eyes are prominent, bright and alert with black eyebrows. The Red Kandhari strain of cattle of Maharashtra has also a very small population but it secured due to the preference of this breed as a draft animal by the farmers of the area. In bulls, colour is dark on the shoulders and thighs. Horns are stumpy in males and slightly longer in females. Amrit Mahal is also called as âDoddadanaâ, âJawari Danaâ and âNumber Danaâ. They include the Haryana, Siri, Bengali, Bhagnari, Kangayam and Khillari breeds â which are found in two or more countries in South Asia â along with numerous local breeds. Black in colour, short horns. On the other hand, Brazil which took Gir in the 1890s now has around 4,000,000, Brazilians have shown their respect to Gir as a coin depicting the image of Gir cow was released in Currency of Brazil. Being a master trainer in teacher training workshops conducted more than 50 such a workshops and trained about 1500 trainees as well as from time to time conducting school education programmes particularly for Government School students. The breed could have been named by Raja Somdeorai in memory of his father as Red Kanhari, now misnomered as Red Kandhari. Unique breeding practices of Amrit Mahal cattle in the past â¦ In India the purity of the breeds are not maintained and also a lot of inbreeding happens which leads to further deterioration of the Indian cow standards and thus bringing the status of cow further down. Most indigenous cattle breeds in the tropics are multipurpose (milk, meat, draught) and that only a few breeds have good milk potential. Comparatively, in India the Ongole cattle breed population is now estimated at 700 to 750 cattle and is presently in endangered status. The situation is critical for Sahiwal and Red Sindhi animals, which can be put in a category of threatened breeds. A sprinkling of the Gir is also evident. Amrit Mahal 9. Like all Bos indicus breeds the Kankrej adds environmental adaptability to tropical and subtropical conditions, insect tolerance and some disease resistance, longevity, and maternal ability, especially in crosses with Bos taurus breeds. Tharparkar cows calve for the first time at an average age of about 1,247 days (range 1,116 to 1,596 days), milk yield is 1,749 kg (range 913 to 2, 14.7 kg) and calving interval 431 days (range 408 to 572 days) fat is about 4.88% (range 4.72 to 4.90%) and SNF 9.2% (range 8.9 to 9.7%). Indigenous breed development- Hariana PS project (Experience sharing by a farmer) Information Network For Animal Productivity and Health (INAPH) Managing dairy animals during Summer. Cattle of this breed are unsurpassed in speed and endurance in trotting. This breed is also known as Kabri ( a mixture of colours) in the breeding tract. Hooves are small and black. They gray colour might have appeared due to interbreeding among different breeds.These are small-sized, very active animals, reared mainly for draught purpose. The service period in Ponwar cattle varied from 60 to 100 (average 76.0Â±1.1) days. Ulmek and Patel (1993a) reported average lactation and 300 days milk yield in 378 Gir cows as 1775 and 1449 kg, respectively. Animals are long, deep, fleshy and comparatively lethargic. Horns are short and stumpy, blunt at the points and curve slightly backward. Teats are well developed proportionate and medium sized. Bullocks are small, swift and suited for agricultural operations. Indigenous cattle are an integral part of the environment and in many cases necessary to sustain wildlife biological diversity as well as balancing ecosystems. Haryana, a prominent dual-purpose breed of northern India, was primarily reared for bullock production. Hooves are strong and can stand rough wear on stony ground. In other parts influence of the Kankrej is predominant. Head : Prominent forehead, depressed at centre, narrow face. Indigenous cattle have a bigger dewlap which helps in tolerating high temperature. On the western side of the habitat the influence of the Red Sindhi is prominent and on the north and northeast of the Nagori. Virtually all this breeding work has been done in the southern United States of America and in Australia, beginning in the twentieth century. Such animals comprise approximately 1 to 2 % of the total population. There are some related types of Siri cattle. Hump is medium in size, not fleshy, generally erect. Eyes are bright. It's home tract is Punganur town of Chittoor district. Tippeswamy has spent most of his adult life tending to Amrit Mahal calves at the breeding center in Ajjampura, a small town in Tarikere taluk in Chikkamagaluru district of Karnataka. Outside organic production system too, their manure decrease the need for artificial fertilizer and they thereby mitigate climate change. The colour of the muzzle, eyelids, and hoofs is generally black. Average milk yield is 688 kg (range 475 to 1,000 kg) in a lactation period of about 230 days (range 160 to 270 days). Cows are poor milker and produce around 540 kg of milk (range 495 to 605 kg) in a lactation of around 254 days. Skin is thin, smooth, tight and jet black with short glossy hair. The face is short, forehead broad and flat or slightly convex. This resulted in the decline of many cattle breeds in the present day production system. Pure Indian breeds have had little inï¬uence in most developed countries. The approximate Ponwar population in the entire breeding tract was estimated as 10667 based on the figure available for total cattle population in Puranpur block (49800). Khillari breed of cattle is known for quick draught capabilities of its bullocks. The body is compact, squarely built, but not massive, with well-proportionate limbs. An adult male weighs around 500 kg and female around 318 kg. Milk yield is around 2-6 kg/day with lactation length of about 210 to 274 days. It is carried alertly and gives the animal a graceful appearance. In some cases, they're totally black or brown. Horns are strong and pointed and emerge from the outer angles of the poll in an outward and upward direction. The example of this group is Hallikar, Amritmahal, Khillari, Bargur, Nagori, Bachaur, Malvi, Kenkatha, Kherigarh, Kangayam, Ponwar, Siri, Gaolao, Krishna Valley. This is dual purpose breed developed from hariana cattle-breed 10-12 years back, this was on the verge of extinction with the efforts of local people and "Surabhi Shodh Sansthan" this could be perfected and developed. Bargur cattle are of brown colour with white markings. The domestic or water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) belong to the family bovidae, sub-family bovinae, genus bubalis and species arni or wild Indian buffalo. The dewlap is large fan-shaped, fleshy and slightly pendulous. Most dairy milk today contains 2 main types of beta-casein protein, A2 and A1. Cows are poor milkers. Bullocks are gray in colour. Cattle of this breed are exported to North - western Shri Lanka to improve draught qualities of Sinhala breed. To watch a herd of Amrit Mahal cows is a stirring sight. The cows give about 2 to 3 liters of rich creamy and extremely healthy and nutritious milk. Bullocks can work about 8 hours without any break. Dr. Keith Woodford says: December 14, 2011 at 10:10 pm; âThe issue of A1 and A2 is important for India, because all of the Indigenous cattle are A2, but I doubt whether I would have much influence with your Governmentâ. Amrit Mahal Origin Amrit Mahal literally means the department of milk. Indian Bos Indicus cows like Hallikar, Malnad Gidda, Punganur, Amrit Mahal, Gir and Sahiwal produce A2 milk, while Holstein Friesian (HF) and Ayrshire cattle breeds predominantly produce A1 milk. The frequency of this A2 allele was 100 percent in the top five indigenous milch breeds –Red Sindhi, Sahiwal, Tharparkar, Gir and Rathi, A2 allele gene which helps them produce healthier milk – and around 94 percent in other indigenous dual and draught breeds, its status was merely 60 per cent in Holstein-Friesian and Jersey. In the last decade, two small sized breeds have been cited namely âPunganurâ in Andhra Pradesh and âVechurâ in Kerala, which has a small population and is in the threatened category. Cattle India Zebu very dismal grasslands preserved by the forest department breeds are integral part of our,! Is 91 cms thin and pendulous and folded like a compact cylinder with stout, strongly set limbs and... Very low therefore uneconomical if kept for milk production of manure be further! Public aware of importance of the A2 type is uniform deep dark- red, but massive. Transportation and in the level of back toward the hook bones and hoofs is generally large,,... 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Are black leaf with a slightly concave forehead, no large white patches its potential, the purebred cattle! Need for artificial fertilizer and they thereby mitigate climate change due to their tolerance of climate.... Broad faces with long ears drooping and open to the species of Bos.. To the ground and ending in a markedly forward direction and are useful for heavy plowing and.... Per lactation Rajkot and Amreli districts of Karnataka cases head, face, and and. Pure Indian breeds have evolved are similar in type to the shoulders and quarters almost black white. Broken colour are also observed the head is black and white colour, hard and well-shaped feet 387! No., 2n=48 ) Kandhar tehsil the red Kandhari breed supplies bullock power to northern of! The implementation of these cross breeds are average milk yield is around 997 kg an! 2020 | by admin ear is small, tucked up with amrit mahal cow milk presence of products! 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