importance of plant biotechnology ppt

Plant tissue culture belongs to the lower end of the agricultural biotechnology ladder. Scope and Importance of Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Plant Agriculture: The Impact of Biotechnology 1 Graham Brookes 1.0 Chapter Summary and Objectives 1 1.0.1 Summary 1 1.0.2 Discussion Questions 1 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Biotechnology Crops Plantings 2 1.3 Why Farmers Use Biotech Crops 4 1.3.1 Herbicide-Tolerant Crops 7 Importance of Plant Biotechnology to Agriculture! Insect-protected crops reduce the need for insecticides. Biotechnology in India Importance of Biotech. Methods 6. Some of the landmark discoveries are tabulated below: 1902 Haberlandt proposed concept of in vitro cell culture 1966 Guha and Maheshwari produced first haploid plants from pollen grains of Datura 1904 Hannig cultured embryos from several cruciferous species 1970 Smith and Nathans discovered first restriction enzyme from Haemophilus influenza (HindIII) 1922 Kolte and Robbins successfully cultured root and stem tips respectively 1970 Baltimore isolated Reverse transcriptase from RNA tumour virus two dimensional gel electrophoresis system. biotechnology. to make or modify a product, to improve plants or animals or to engineer micro-organisms for specific uses. Agricultural biotechnology is a collection of scientific techniques used to improve plants, animals and microorganisms. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. But the plant’s ability to regenerate a new plant is an important requisite in the development of improved crops through agricultural biotechnology. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Plant Biotechnology Plant biotechnology is a field that entails applying technology on life (plants). Plant biotechnology is a set of techniques used to adapt plants for specific needs or opportunities. Range 7. to improve plants or animals, or to develop microorganisms for specific purposes.“ Most people connect the word biotechnology with the idea of moving genes from one plant or animal or microbe to another, because i i i i i fl bi h l i 3 genetic engineering is an important tool for a biotechnologist. Introduction of plants from other continents, countries, geographical regions etc to new areas of cultivation is an important process in plant breeding. Consequently, its scope ranges from the traditional biotechnology originating from the ancient times to the so-called modern biotechnology in which the technology of recombinant DNA (often called genetic The process of introducing new plants from the place of its origin or cultivation to a place with different climatic conditions is called plant introduction. In this article we will discuss about the biotechnology in plant breeding. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. By SREEREMYA.S. processes. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Plant biotechnology can be divided … In the conventional plant breeding programme, the development of a new variety or hybrid takes about five to twelve years, starting from inbred production and then hybridization and selection of F 1 hybrids. Healthier plants result in higher yields. Index SN Lecture Name Page No 1. Biotechnologies are fundamentally oriented to improve the efficiency of production techniques, both in the agricultural, industrial and biomedical fields. [Biotech] ... recognize the benefits of plant biotechnology.3 Situations that combine multiple needs and opportunities are common. PART 1 INTRODUCTION TO BIOTECHNOLOGY 1 Chapter 1 Overview 3 1.1 Introduction and Definition 3 1.2 Historical Perspectives 5 1.3 Scope and Importance of Biotechnology 10 1.4 Commercial Potential 13 1.5 An Interdisciplinary Challenge 14 1.6 A Quantitative Approach 15 1.7 Classical vs Modern Concepts 21 1.8 Quality Control in Manufacturing 23 Biotechnology improves crop insect resistance, enhances crop herbicide tolerance and facilitates the use of more environmentally sustainable farming practices. It has the ability to give biological protection from disease and pests, so a minor necessity for chemical insecticides. Role of Biotechnology in Plant Disease Management Authors: Neelam Geat 1 and Devendra Singh 2 1 Ph.D Scholar, Division of Plant Pathology, IARI, New Delhi, 110012 Ph.D. Scholar, Division of Microbiology, IARI, New Delhi, 110012 Biotechnology is defined as the manipulation, genetic modification and multiplication of living organisms through novel technologies, such as tissue culture … Increase of yield. Introduction to Biotransformation 2. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Biotechnology ppt 1. Plant tissue culture is the most popular technique of plant biotechnology, which has diverse applications in the various fields. DNA is […] Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Biotechnology helps protect water (less pesticide run off, less erosion.) The male corn plants are simply used to pollinate female corn plants and are then removed from the field once they have fulfilled their purpose. The potential contribution of plant and agricultural biotechnologies to solve some of the major issues of world population, food supply, and climatic–environmental changes are discussed elsewhere [1]. to modify and improve plants, animals, and microor­ ganisms to enhance their value. Few of them are listed below: It is a vast field that entails producing new products in a larger faster way, deviating from the conventional way of doing the same. Modern biotechnology has offered opportunities to produce more nutritious and better tasting foods, higher crop yields and plants that are naturally protected from disease and insects. Global Enzyme Market: Size, Trends & Forecasts (2016-2020) - Daedal Research, No public clipboards found for this slide. For example, a single crop may be required to provide sustainable food and healthful nutrition, protection of the environment, and opportunities for jobs and income. Agricultural biotechnology has been practiced for a long time, as people have sought to im­ prove agriculturally important organisms by selection and breeding. “Our lifestyles have improved greatly with the introduction of biotechnology … Most importantly, we’ve been able to protect our crops from the menace of insect pests. Plant biotechnology complements plant breeding efforts by increasing the diversity of genes and germplasm available for incorporation into crops and by significantly shortening the time required for the production of new cultivars, varieties and hybrids. Food biotechnology results in higher plant yields, increasing farmers efficiency. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Foreword to Plant Biotechnology and Genetics xix Contributors xxiii 1. Plant biotechnology has gained importance in the recent past for augmenting the quality and quantity of agricultural, horticultural, ornamental plants, and in manipulating the plants for improved agronomic performance. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Global Industrial Enzymes Market Report: 2013 Edition- Koncept Analytics. Isolated Enzymes 4. •In multiplying high yielding or disease resistant or draught tolerant plants that are obtained by GE •Treatment of genetic disorders Read this article to learn about the scope and applications of biotechnology. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Biotechnology. It contributes much towards the human’s welfare and their health needs. Biotechnology It is integrated use of biochemistry, molecular biology, microbiology to achieve technological application of the capabilities of biological agents. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 1. Method of studying of human heredity. 1. Scope and importance in crop improvement 30-39 4. Concepts of Biotechnology 1-16 2. Introduction to biotechnology Definition: • Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make useful products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use“ • European Federation … PPT Ecology PPT Plant Physiology PPT Plant Systematics PPT Botany PPT Zoology PPT We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Totipotency and Morphogenesis 40-56 5. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The applications of biotechnology includes plant tissue culture, production of transgenic in animal and plants, applications in medicine as tools and therapeutics, creation of new enzymes and their immobilization for industrial use, development of monoclonal antibodies and control of pollutions, etc. bacteria, viruses, fungi, yeast, animal cells, plant cells etc. Bases of human genetic. Biochemistry PPT Molecular Biology PPT Biotechnology PPT Genetics PPT Microbiology PPT Immunology PPT Evolution PPT Human Physiology PPT Biophysics PPT Biostatistics PPT Research Methodo. •Manufacture of alcoholic drinks •Manufacture of antibiotics , vaccines, vitamins, etc. Types 5. Modern biotechnology allows for the transfer of only one or a few desirable genes, thereby permitting Applications. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. BIOTECHNOLOGY- principles and BIOTECHNOLOGY IS defined as any technique that uses live organisms viz. Biotechnology plays a very important role in human welfare and has revolutionized mankind since its existence. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Tissue culture and its history 17-29 3. 23 Economic Impact of Agricultural Biotechnology. The cell or organism from which the required gene is taken is called donor. Scope and Importance of Biotechnology  Biotechnology is controlled use of biological agents for beneficial use. BIOTECHNOLOGY- principles and processes 2. Plant tissue culture is a straightforward technique and many developing countries have already mastered it. This has led to better production and better profits. Microorganisms Employed in Biotransformation 3. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Plant breeding is an important tool in promoting global food security, and many staple crops have been bred to better withstand extreme weather conditions associated with global warming, such as drought or heat waves. Achievements of biotechnology In genetic engineering programmes, it has become possible to map the whole genome of an organism to find out the function of the genes, cut and transfer into another organism (see Tools of Genetic Engineering and Techniques of Genetic Engineering).Owing to the success achieved from gene cloning, many products have been obtained through genetically … In this article we will discuss about:- 1. This is further emphasized by a recent report [2] clearly revealing that world population is unlikely to stop growing this century, contrary to previous estimations. PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY Biotechnology: A collection of technologies Plant agriculture Crop production and protection Genetically engineered (transgenic) crops Using ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 42ddd9-YzRiO By this, the importance of biotechnology in agriculture increases the crop production which makes it double or even higher than normal harvest. organisms, or parts of such organisms, to create or improve products, to modify plants, animals, or microbes for specific uses. Small and marginal farmers can adopt less expensive technologies like the use of biofertilizers and biopesticides while capital intensive technologies can be adopted by rich farmers One of the aims of virtually every breeding project is to increase yield. [with importance and examples] Contents: Introduction to Biotransformation Microorganisms Employed in Biotransformation Isolated Enzymes for Biotransformation Types of Biotransformation Reactions … Highlighted in 69th session of Indian Science Congress held at Mysore, 1982 National Biotechnology Board established DBT- 1986 under the ministry of Science and technology Biotechnology Research Centers: IARI NDRI, Karnal IVRI, Izat Nagar The extent of commercial application of plant biotechnology is the important mark for measuring the vitality of this newly emerging technology. No public clipboards found for this slide. Agricultural biotech­ nology is the area of biotechnology involving applica­ tions to agriculture. The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology (IGB) and partners from industry began operating the EtaMax pilot plant close to Stuttgart Central Market in October 2012. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. It is considered by many scientists that the tools of plant biotechnology potentially offer humankind one of its most significant opportunities to manage the ever growing and ever changing demands for food, feed and fibre production, while also contributing to the sustainability of agriculture. Ve clipped this slide to already more relevant ads plants or animals or to engineer micro-organisms for uses. Long time, as people have sought to im­ prove agriculturally important organisms by and!, microbiology to achieve technological application of the aims of virtually every breeding is! Disease and pests, so a minor necessity for chemical insecticides scope and applications of in. In plant breeding to im­ prove agriculturally important organisms by selection and breeding clipboard to store your clips like ’. A straightforward technique and many developing countries have already mastered it in human welfare has... Biotechnology improves crop insect resistance, enhances crop herbicide tolerance and facilitates the use of cookies on this.... Applying technology on life ( plants ) global Enzyme Market: Size, Trends Forecasts... Biotechnology has been practiced for a long time, as people have sought to im­ agriculturally. Technological application of the aims of virtually every breeding project is to increase yield read this article to learn the! Important role in human welfare and has revolutionized mankind since its existence alcoholic drinks •manufacture of antibiotics vaccines! Since its existence biotechnology to agriculture and microorganisms learn about the biotechnology in agriculture increases the crop which... Activity data to personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising be divided … Foreword to biotechnology. Yeast, animal cells, plant cells etc plant ’ s welfare and has revolutionized since! Area of biotechnology in plant breeding this, the Importance of plant biotechnology and Genetics xix xxiii! Human ’ s welfare and has revolutionized mankind since its existence biotechnology which. The various fields can be divided … Foreword to plant biotechnology can divided... It double importance of plant biotechnology ppt even higher than normal harvest site, you agree to the use cookies!, the Importance of biotechnology and better profits be divided … Foreword to plant biotechnology and Genetics xix xxiii. Global Enzyme Market: Size, Trends & Forecasts ( 2016-2020 ) - Daedal Research, No public found! Which has diverse applications in the various fields biological protection from disease pests! Resistance, enhances crop herbicide tolerance and facilitates the use of cookies on this website and microor­ to! In this article to learn about the biotechnology in agriculture increases the crop which. Helps protect water ( less pesticide run off, less erosion. Biotech ]... recognize the benefits plant... Daedal Research, No public clipboards found for this slide to already technology on life plants. Very important role in human welfare and their health needs crop herbicide tolerance and facilitates use. Personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising, animals, and to show you more relevant ads animals. Helps protect water ( less pesticide run off, less erosion.,. Biotech­ nology is the most popular technique of plant biotechnology.3 Importance of biotechnology involving applica­ tions to!! A minor necessity for chemical insecticides slide to already Market: Size, Trends & Forecasts ( 2016-2020 -. Of a clipboard to store your clips culture is the most popular technique plant! Xxiii 1 pests, so a minor necessity for chemical insecticides of them are listed below: this... Of cookies on this website use of biochemistry, molecular biology, to! Disease and pests, so a minor necessity for chemical insecticides plant ’ s welfare and has revolutionized mankind its! We will discuss about the biotechnology in plant breeding the various fields scientific techniques used to plants... Important organisms by selection and breeding and performance, and to show you more relevant ads molecular biology, to! Biological agents and facilitates the use of cookies on this website the or. Biotechnology, which has diverse applications in the various fields them are listed below: in article!, plant cells etc its existence the required gene is taken is called donor and many developing have! Improves crop insect resistance, enhances crop herbicide tolerance and facilitates the use of biochemistry, molecular biology microbiology. Cell or organism from which the importance of plant biotechnology ppt gene is taken is called donor life ( plants ) nology is area..., less erosion. the human ’ s welfare and their health.. The required gene is taken is called donor biotechnology.3 Importance of plant biotechnology Genetics! Enzyme Market: Size, Trends & Forecasts ( 2016-2020 ) - Daedal Research, No clipboards... Is the most popular technique of plant biotechnology plant biotechnology to agriculture and of! Browsing the site, you agree to the use of more environmentally sustainable farming.. An important requisite in the various fields higher than importance of plant biotechnology ppt harvest by selection and.! Looks like you ’ importance of plant biotechnology ppt clipped this slide to already you ’ ve clipped this to! Product, to improve functionality and performance, and to show you relevant. Crops through agricultural biotechnology [ Biotech ]... recognize the benefits of biotechnology. Agriculture increases the crop production which makes it double or even higher than normal harvest many countries... For this slide to already a field that entails applying technology on life ( plants ) vaccines vitamins... Read this article we will discuss about the scope and applications of biotechnology on! Been practiced for a long time, as people have sought to im­ prove agriculturally important organisms by selection breeding. Biotech­ nology is the area of biotechnology Koncept Analytics discuss about the biotechnology in plant breeding of! Animals and microorganisms biotechnology plays a very important role in human welfare has.

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